Chain of Command
General Marine Corps Info
M16 Service Rifle Info
Five Paragraph Order
Leadership Principles
Leadership Traits
Famous Marines
Mission of the Marine Corps
Customs & Courtesies


 

"Chain of Command"


  • Commander-in-Chief: Honorable Mr. George W Bush
  • Vice President: Honorable Mr. Richard Cheney
  • Secretary of Defense (SecDef): Honorable Mr. Donald Rumsfeld
  • Secretary of the Navy (SecNav): Honorable Mr. Gordon R. England
  • Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (CJCS): General Richard B. Myers, US Air Force
  • Commandant of the Marine Corps: General James Jones
  • Assistant Commandant of the Marine Corps: General Michael J. Williams
  • Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps: Sergeant Major Alford L. McMichael
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    "General Marine Corps Info"

    Birthday:   10 November 1775

    The Marine Corps was born in Tun Tavern (Philadelphia, PA)

    The Marine Corps motto is Semper Fidelis:  Always Faithful

    The Marine Corps Emblem was adopted in 1868 by Brigadier General Zeilen, the 7th Commandant of the Marine Corps.

                Eagle:  Symbolizes the nation and freedom

                Globe:  Symbolizes the worldwide mission of the Marine Corps

                Anchor: Symbolizes ties with the naval tradition

    The red stripe on blue trousers symbolizes the blood shed during the assault on Chapultepec in the war with Mexico.

    The quadrafoil was worn to prevent sharp shooters on the masts of ships from shooting their own officers.

    Captain Nicholas was the first commissioned officer, charged with raising the Marine Corps.

    Marine aviation was born in 1912, through the efforts of First Lieutenant Alfred A. Cunningham who began aviation training that summer.

    The nickname "Devildog" has its source in World War I. The Marine Corps distinguished itself on the battlefields of France as the 4th Marine Brigade and earned the title of "Devil Dogs" for heroic action at Belleau Wood, Soissons, St. Michiel, Blanc Mont, and in the final Meuse-Argonne offensive (1918).

    After the WWII Battle of Iwo Jima, Admiral Nimitz said of the Marines, Uncommon valor was a common virtue.

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    "M16 Service Rifle"


  • Nomenclature: Lightweight, magazine fed, gas operated, air cooled, shoulder fired weapon.
  • Three Main Groups:
  • Firing Modes:
  • Weight without sling, magazine, or M7 bayonet: 7.5 pounds
  • Firing weight (with sling and 30 round magazine): 8.79 pounds
  • M7 Bayonet Weight: 0.6 pounds
  • Maximum Range: 3,534 meters
  • Maximum Effective Range:
  • Maximum Effective Rate of Fire:
  • Note: The only authorized cleaning fluid and lubricant for military rifles is CLP (cleaner, lubricant, protector).

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    "Five Paragraph Order"
    keyword "SMEAC"


    1. Situation
      1. Enemy
        1. Time - Time of enemy intelligence.
        2. Size - Size of enemy (i.e. squad, battalion, number of enemy).
        3. Unit - Unit they are serving (i.e. Republican Guard).
        4. Activity - What the enemy is doing (i.e. Preparing position).
        5. Location - Position.
        6. Equipment - Weapons they have access to.
        7. DRAW-D – what the enemy will do upon contact (Defend, Reinforce, Attack, Withdraw, Delay).
      2. Friendly
        1. Higher - Next higher unit’s mission.
        2. Adjacent - Other units in reserve or assisting.
        3. Supporting - Supporting units.
        4. Attachments/Detachment - Lists if any units attached to your unit.
    2. Mission - A clear and concise statement of mission to be accomplished Must contain the 5 W’s (Who, What, When, Where, Why).
    3. Execution
      1. Commander’s Intent - Explains what the end state of the mission/battle will look like. Specifically the purpose of the mission, enemy’s critical vulnerability, and how this critical vulnerability will be exploited.
      2. Concept of Operations
        1. Scheme of Maneuver - Explains types of formations used throughout the route to the objective.
        2. Fire Support - Explains fire support plan.
      3. Tasks - Different specific mission listed for each unit. (i.e. If it is a squad leader’s order this would explain the fire team leaders tasks).
      4. Coordinating Instructions
        1. Time of Attack - Time the unit must cross the Line of Departure.
        2. Base Unit - Sets the base unit for all formations.
        3. Order of Movement - Explains ways smaller units arranged in formation.
        4. Security - Sets security sectors throughout mission.
      5. Tactical Control Measures - Lists 8 digit grid coordinates and terrain features for different checkpoints along route.
      6. Route to Objective - Gives azimuth and distance between checkpoints.
    4. Administration and Logistics
      1. Beans - Explains re-supply of chow.
      2. Bullets - Explains re-supply of ammuntion.
      3. Band-Aids - Explains where to take casualties.
      4. Bad-Guys - Explains where to take enemy POW’s.
    5. Command and Signal - Lists details of communication and location of key personnel in the chain of command. This also informs subordinates of the succession of command.
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    "Leadership Principles"


    1. Be technically and tactically proficient.
    2. Know yourself and seek self-improvement.
    3. Know your people and look out for their welfare.
    4. Keep your people informed.
    5. Set the example.
    6. Insure that the task is understood, supervised, and accomplished.
    7. Train your people as a team.
    8. Make timely and sound decisions.
    9. Develop a sense of responsibility among subordinates.
    10. Employ your command in accordance with its capabilities.
    11. Seek responsibility and take responsibility for your actions.
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    "Leadership Traits"
    acronym: JJ DID TIE BUCKLE


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    "Famous Marines"


    Major Samuel Nicholas

    Became the first commissioned officer of the Continental Marines when he was commissioned as a captain on November 28, 1775. He is traditionally regarded as the first Commandant.

    Lieutenant Colonel William Ward Burrows

    Officially appointed the first Commandant on July 12, 1798

    First Lieutenant Presley Neville O'Bannon (1776-1850)

    after his heroic efforts in the battle for Derne in 1805 during the Tripolitan War, Prince Hamet Karamali presented him the sword that he carried while living with the Mamelukes in Egypt. This sword later served as the pattern for the Mameluke Sword, which is the sword that Marine officers carry today.

    Brigadier General Archibald Henderson (1785-1859)

    First general officer of the Marine Corps; 5th Commandant of the Marine Corps, he held that position from 1820 until 1859 - a span of over 38 years (longer than any other Commandant), during which he served under 11 different Presidents. He had a total of 53 years of service beginning in 1806. He is known as the "Grand Old Man of the Corps".

    Brigadier General Jacob Zeilin

    Commandant who adopted The Marines' Hymn and the current Marine Corps emblem and officer's evening dress as well as bringing back the Mameluke Sword for officers in 1875.

    John Philip "The March King" Sousa (1854-1932)

    The most famous leader of the Marine Band, The President's Own, who wrote many famous marches including Semper Fidelis and Stars and Stripes Forever. He was enlisted on June 9, 1868 by his father at the age of 13 for 7 and a half years to prevent him from running away with the circus. Sousa left the Marine Corps after that enlistment but returned in 1880 and served as Director of the Marine Band until 1892. He wrote an autobiography called Marching Along in 1928.

    Lieutenant Colonel Robert W. Huntington

    landed his battalion at Guantanamo Bay on June 7, 1898 to become the first U.S. troops to establish a beachhead on Cuban soil.

    Lieutenant Alfred A. Cunningham

    Became the first Marine aviator in 1912. He was designated Naval Aviator Number 5.

    Major General John Archer Lejeune (1867-1942)

    First Marine officer to ever command an Army division in combat - 13th Commandant who officially made scarlet and gold the Marine Corps colors; superintendent of the Virginia Military Institute from 1929-1937.

    General Lemuel C. Shepherd, Jr.

    20th Commandant who also designed the Marine Corps seal.

    General Alexander A. Vandegrift (1887-1973)

    Led the U.S. offensive against the Japanese on Guadalcanal in the Solomon Islands during WWII. First Marine to be awarded both the Navy Cross and the Medal of Honor. 18th Commandant from 1944-1948. First Marine to hold the rank of 4-star General while still on active duty.

    Lieutenant General Lewis Burwell "Chesty" Puller (1898-1971)

    The most decorated Marine of all time being awarded 52 ribbons and medals - he was awarded the Navy Cross an amazing FIVE TIMES - the Navy Cross is the second highest award a Marine can be awarded, it is only outranked by the Medal of Honor.

    Major Gregory R. "Pappy" Boyington (1912-1988)

    Medal of Honor; commanded the VMF-214 also known as the "Black Sheep Squadron" and was the Marine Corps' top ranking ace of WWII with 28 victories; a television series was created about him and his squadron.

    Major Smedley Darlington Butler (1881-1940)

    The only Marine officer to be awarded the Medal of Honor TWICE - one in Vera Cruz in 1914 and the other in Haiti in 1915. Known as "Old Gimlet Eye".

    Gunnery Sergeant Daniel J. Daly

    The only enlisted Marine to be awarded the Medal of Honor TWICE - one in the Boxer Rebellion in 1900 and the other in Haiti in 1915.

    Master Gunnery Sergeant Leland "Lou" Diamond

    Served in France with the famous 6th Marines in World War I and with H Company, 2nd Battallion, 5th Marines, 1st Division on Guadalcanal and Tulagi at the age of 52 in World War II. Among the many fables concerning his service on Guadalcanal is the tale that he lobbed a mortar shell down the smoke stack of an off-shore Japanese cruiser. It is considered a fact, however, that he single-handedly drove the cruiser from the bay with his harassing near-misses. He was known as "Mr. Marine" and "Mr. Leatherneck".

    Sergeant Chuck Mawhinney

    Marine sniper with the highest number of confirmed kills (103) - he is still alive and in September 1999 was invited to speak at the Scout/Sniper school on Camp Pendleton.

    Gunnery Sergeant Carlos N. "White Feather" Hathcock

    Marine sniper with the longest confirmed kill (2500 yards with a .50 caliber Browning rifle) - second highest number of confirmed kills (93).

    Lieutenant General Carol A. Mutter

    as a colonel, she was the first woman to gain qualification as a Space Director; as a brigadier general, she was the first woman of general/flag officer rank to command a major deployable tactical command, the 3D FSSG, III MEF, U.S. Marine Forces Pacific; In June of 1994, she became the first woman Major General in the Marine Corps and the senior woman on active duty in the armed services; On 1 Sep 1996, second woman in the history of the armed services and the first woman Marine to wear three stars.

    Major General Charles F. Bolden, Jr.

    As pilot of the Space Shuttle Discovery in 1990, Major General Bolden and crew successfully deployed the Hubble Space Telescope while orbiting the earth from a record setting altitude of 400 miles - commander of STS-60, the 1994 Space Shuttle Discovery flight, the first joint U.S./Russian Space Shuttle mission - more than 680 logged space hours - currently Deputy Commander, U.S. Forces, Japan.

    Captain Sarah Deal

    On 23 July 1993 she was the first woman to be selected for Naval aviation training; she became the Marine Corps' first female pilot on 21 April 1995; she is a CH-53E Super Stallion helicopter pilot.

    Opha Mae Johnson

    enlisting on 13 August 1918 she became the first woman Marine.

    Colonel Ruth Cheney Streeter

    On 29 January 1943, she was sworn in as a Major in the United States Marine Corps Women's Reserve (USMCWR) and was sworn in as the first Director of the Women's Reserve, which was formed on 7 November 1942. She served until 6 December 1945.

    Colonel Katherine A. Towle

    second Director of the Women's Reserve, was discharged from the Marine Corps Reserve on 3 November 1948 and accepted a Regular commission as a permanent lieutenant colonel. The next day she was appointed the first Director of Women Marines, with the temporary rank of colonel.

    General Gerald C. Thomas (1917-1956)

    enlisted in WWI; he was operations officer and then chief of staff of the 1st Marine Division on Guadalcanal, then commander of the same in the Korean War; served as Assistant Commandant from 1952-1954.

    Master Sergeant Barbara J. Dulinsky

    On 18 March 1967 in Saigon she became the first woman Marine ordered to a combat zone.

    Colonel Margaret A. Brewer

    Appointed to a general officer's billet as Director of Information with the rank of Brigadier General on 11 May 1978, becoming the first woman Marine to attain general officer rank.

    Colonel Gail M. Reals

    Selected to the rank of Brigadier General in February 1985, she became the first woman Marine selected to general grade.

    Sergeant Major Wilbur Bestwick

    He was the first Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps, holding that billet from May 23, 1957 through Aug. 31, 1959.

    Colonel John Herschel Glenn, Jr. (b.1921)

    Served in the Corps from 1943-1964. He flew 59 missions in WWII and 90 missions in Korea. He was a test pilot from 1954-1959. He became the first American to orbit the earth in his space capsule Friendship 7 in 1962.

    HONORABLE MENTION


    Frederick C. Branch:

    First black Marine officer

    Archibald Summers:

    First Sergeant Major, appointed Jan 1, 1801

    Cpl John F. Mackie:

    First Marine to earn a Medal of Honor, 1862 Civil War.

    Brevet Major Anthony Gale:

    only Commandant to be court martialed and relieved, 4th Commandant, relieved Oct 18, 1820.

    Sgt John H. Quick:

    Medal of Honor at Cuzco’s Wall in Guantanamo, Cuba for risking his life signaling our own ships to stop firing at his men.

    Capt Lloyd Williams:

    said “Retreat? Hell, we just got here.” at Belleau Wood
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    "Mission of the Marine Corps"

    The mission of the Marine Corps is outlined in the National Security Act of 1947 as amended (1952).

    There are six missions of the Marine Corps

    1. To seize or defend advanced naval bases and to conduct such land operations as may be essential to the prosecution of a naval campaign.
    2. To provide detachments and organizations for service in armed vessels of the Navy for protection of naval property on naval stations and bases.
    3. To develop, with other Armed Forces, the tactics, techniques, and equipment employed by landing forces in amphibious operation.
    4. To train and equip, as required, Marine forces for airborne operations.
    5. To develop, with other Armed Forces, doctrine, procedures, and equipment of interest to the Marine Corps for airborne operations which are not provided for by the Army.
    6. To be able to expand from peacetime components, to meet the needs of war, in accordance with mobilization plans.
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      "Customs & Courtesies"


      Distance for saluting officers- 6 to 30 paces

      Boarding a naval vessel:

      In uniform: when you reach the top of the gangplank, face aft, salute the national ensign, turn back facing the Officer of the Deck, salute and request permission to come aboard.

      In civilian attire- when you reach the top of the gangplank, face aft, nod your head in respect, turn to face the Officer of the Deck and request permission to board.

      Sunset to 0800- whether in uniform or civilian attire, do not face aft, the national ensign will not be flying

      When not to salute:
      As a prisoner
      Guarding prisoners
      When engaged in work or play (unless approached and spoken to by an officer)
      Under combat conditions and in formation (unless given ‘present arms’)

      Regarding officers:
      Salute at a distance of 6 to 30 paces.

      When passing and going in the same direction- come left and abreast, salute, say “By your leave, sir”, finish your salute and pass with a verbal greeting.

      Reporting- approach at attention and halt two paces from officer, render salute if appropriate and say “Sir, (your rank and last name) reporting as ordered.”, hold salute until acknowledged.

      When dismissed- Salute if appropriate, after salute is returned take one step backwards, execute an about face and depart at attention.

      Regarding senior Marines:
      The junior enters an auto first, the senior exits first.
      Walk one step to the left and abreast.

      Music/Colors:
      Marines’ Hymn- stand at attention until completion
      National Anthem- stand at attention facing flag or music, salute (if in uniform) and hold until ‘carry on’ is sounded
      Taps- continue to do what you were doing
      If colors should pass you uncased while in uniform- stand at attention, render salute
      If in a vehicle and colors is played- stop, sit at attention until ‘carry on’

      When not to wear a cover when under arms- seated in attendance at a court (unless guarding prisoners), when entering places of worship, in dining facilities, in hospitals

      What not to do in uniform- chew gum, put hands in pockets, smoke on the street, embrace or hold hands, hold an umbrella, break step while walking with another person
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